judge1 W2 [dʒʌdʒ] n
[Date: 1100-1200; : Old French; Origin: juge, from Latin judex]
1.) the official in control of a court who decides how criminals should be punished
The trial judge specifies the number of years to be spent in prison.
federal judge/high court judge etc
(=a judge in a particular court)
2.) someone who decides on the result of a competition
The panel of judges included several well-known writers.
3.) a good/bad judge of sth
someone whose opinion on something is usually right or wrong
Sandra's a very good judge of character.
4.) be the judge (of sth)
to be the person whose opinion on something matters or is accepted
No-one else can say what its value to you is - only you can be the judge of that.
5.) let me be the judge of that
spoken used to tell someone angrily that you do not need their advice
6.) as sober as a judge
someone who is as sober as a judge is not drunk at all
judge 2
judge2 W3S2 v past tense and past participle judged present participle judging
2 judging by/from something
6 it's not for somebody to judge
7 as far as I can judge
8 don't judge a book by its cover
[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: jugier, from Latin judicare, from judex; JUDGE1]
1.) ¦(OPINION)¦ [I and T]
to form or give an opinion about someone or something after thinking carefully about all the information you know about them
You should never judge a person by their looks.
Judge us on the improvements we make in the economy.
The therapist judged that Margaret had made a serious attempt to kill herself.
pollutants that were judged hazardous to human health
I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong.
The economic results of the reforms are very difficult to judge .
The likelihood of future bombs was impossible to judge .
We judge the success of a product by the number of sales it brings in.
His conduct, judged objectively by what he has done, is dishonest.
Robert wanted to go and help him, but judged it best to stay where he was.
Do not judge her too harshly , as she was very young at the time.
2.) judging by/from sth
used to say that you are making a guess based on what you have just seen, heard, or learned
Judging by his jovial manner he must have enjoyed his meal.
Judging from what you say in your letter, you don't sound well.
3.) ¦(COMPETITION)¦ [I and T]
to decide on the result of a competition
I had the difficult task of judging the competition.
judge sb on sth
Competitors will be judged on speed and accuracy.
4.) ¦(CRITICIZE)¦ [I and T]
to form an opinion about someone, especially in an unfair or criticizing way
He just accepts people for what they are and he doesn't judge them.
5.) ¦(LAW)¦ [T]
to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime in court
6.) it's not for sb to judge
used to say that you do not think someone has the right to give their opinion about something
Was it the right decision? It's not for us to judge.
7.) as far as I can judge
used to say that you think what you are saying is true, but you are not sure
8.) don't judge a book by its cover
used to say that you should not form an opinion based only on the way something looks
COLLOCATES for sense 1
judge somebody/something by something
judge that
judge somebody/something (to be) something
judge whether/how/what etc
difficult/hard to judge
impossible to judge
judge the success/quality/merits of something
judge something objectively
judge it best/right/proper etc to do something
judge somebody harshly
judge it safe to do something

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • judge — 1 / jəj/ vb judged, judg·ing [Old French jugier, from Latin judicare, from judic judex judge, from jus right, law + dicere to decide, say] vt 1: to hear and decide (as a litigated question) in a court of justice judge a case 2: to pronounce after …   Law dictionary

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  • Judge — (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See {Judge}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Judge — Judge, v. t. 1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. Chaos [shall] judge the strife. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. [1913 Webster] God… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • judge — ► NOUN 1) a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court. 2) a person who decides the results of a competition. 3) a person able or qualified to give an opinion. ► VERB 1) form an opinion about. 2) give a verdict on in a law court. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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